Monday, May 25, 2020
In December of 2011, the United States withdrew all remaining combat troops from Iraq. After eight years of war, the United States turned the responsibility for the defense of Iraq over to the Iraqi security forces. Iraq immediately saw the rise of sectarian violence among Sunnis and Shia. This nation also saw the reemergence of the insurgency known as Al Qaeda in Iraq in the northwest portion of the country. The problems in Iraq grew with the igniting of a civil war in the neighboring nation of Syria. This civil war allowed for members of Al-Qaeda in Iraq to spread to and develop in an unstable area and emerging as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, ISIS. Within twelve months, ISIS grew by creating of an organizational structure, engaging in violent military campaigns, developing an economy and establishing successful recruitment techniques. ISIS now controls large swaths of territory in both northwest Iraq and Eastern Syria. Political leadership in the United States is no w debating what action should be taken to combat the terror group ISIS. To prevent ISIS from harming our national security, to stop the threat of international terrorism and to stop the destruction of Iraq and its people The United States should send ground troops to Iraq to combat ISIS. Many people do not think the government should send troops to Iraq to stop the threat of ISIS becoming a national threat to the United States. The Obama administration has focused on bombing ISIS and trainingShow MoreRelatedThe Greatest Threat Of The Middle East1032 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesISIS the greatest threat in the middle east, who has created chaos. They have killed 10,000 plus innocent people, But yet president obama has called them a JV squad. We have not been aggressive toward this growing threat and have taken them lightly. They are just growing and becoming more dangerous by the minute. Do innocent people in the us have to die for us to take action against the terror group or are they still a Jv Squad. If we are more aggressive towards the terror group it would createRead MoreThe Islamic State Of Iraq And Syria1388 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1). This terror group is named the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria., or in short, ISIS. Three years ago, ISIS did not exist but now it controls parts of Iraq and Syria and has made its own state. Terror organizations like al-Qaeda are merely terrorists groups while ISIS has captured and created their own state. ISIS is a well developed organization that has shown their handiwork repeatedly on social media and YouTube (Khedery 1). ISIS is much more developed than most terror groups in that itRead MoreIslamic State Terrorists Destroyed Iraq Essay1570 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesa dual terror attack in Paris, January 2015, claimed he was part of ISIS. American journalists, James Foley and Steven Sotloff, were killed on camera by the terror group, ISIS, which included a militant telling President Obama that SotloffÃ¢â¬â¢s life was in the PresidentÃ¢â ¬â¢s hands. The last known American hostage, Kayla Mueller, died in the hands of the terror group, the White House said, in February 2015 (Ferran Momtaz, 2015). These crimes are only a few of the several committed by ISIS. The IsisRead MoreWhy Should We Intervene?1748 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageskilling a group of tourists instantly, BOOM! Another one explodes causing a subway station to explode. Screams and blood fill the airport and subway as you run for your life. Military and police with assault rifles pour into the building, as people are evacuated from a plane that just landed. A swarm of ambulances and EMS workers go inside the building with first aid kits and huge bags over their shoulders. A woman sits on the side of the road, crying over her unconscious husband. A huge threat to humanRead MoreThe External Environment : Isis Essay1483 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesExogenous environment: ISIS remains as major threat that shakes stability of entire region, and furthermore, carry out numerous terror attacks in several European countries. In addition, mass shootings and numerous terror attacks on U.S soul have occurred. In addition, ISIS plans progressive and sequences of terror attacks on European and Amer ican continent simultaneously. In addition, situation becomes badly wrong if ISIS and Al Qaeda finally agreed its unification, furthermore it could become moreRead MoreThe Continued Threats Of Isis Essay1298 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe continued threats of Isis are a growing foreign policy problem in the United States. The policies brought by the two Presidential Candidates have both positive and negative consequences. Candidate Hillary ClintonÃ¢â¬â¢s policy towards Isis includes taking out Isis strongholds, work with allies, and strengthen defenses at home. Presidential Candidate Donald TrumpÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy toward Isis is to eliminate them with full military force. Isis is a growing problem in our world and should not beRead MoreThe Islamic State Of Iraq And Syria1542 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescome together to meet for a consensus about the negativity surrounding terrorism, specifically a unification against ISIS. ISIS, which stands for the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, is a terror organization that has claimed responsibilities for the recent bombings in Paris, Belgium and Pakistan (1). The Obama Administration has shown great attention and focus towards ending ISIS and creating a unification between allied nations. On November 15 2015, President Obama met with the presidents of TaiwanRead MoreIsis : The United States1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesISIS is a very unique phenomenon occurring in the Middle East. The United States Department of State has designated the entity a foreign terrorist organization (US Department of State 2014). The group is very different than the Islamic extremists that the United States has dealt with over the years. Instead of hiding in remote compounds and living secret lives amongst the general population, ISIS has conquered vast regions of Iraq and Syria. However, ISIS does share similarities with other IslamicRead MoreIsis And The Islamic State1527 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesISIS continues to dominate the news and internet. W ith each news report of beheadings, executions, and crucifixion, people want to understand what is ISIS and where did they come from. The acronym ISIS, in English, stands for Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, but in Arabic it stands forÃ The Islamic State in Iraq and Ash-Sham. Ã It is alsoÃ known as ISIL, because sometimes Syria is replaced with the term the Levant. ISIS is a radicalÃ SunniÃ Muslim organizationÃ whoseÃ aimÃ isÃ toÃ restoreÃ anÃ IslamicRead MoreThe Islamic State Of Iraq And The Levant1714 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesanti-terrorism efforts, known terror groups continue to conduct terror attacks globally. Of the known terrorist organizations that are listed by the U.S. Department of State, the one most likely to conduct an attack in the United States would be the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and Islamic State (IS) otherwise known as ISIS. Due to the complex capabilities of ISIS ideology, leadership, and distinct global threat; ISIS has become the greatest known threat to the U.S. Homeland. Description
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Juvenile Justice To many Americans today, the country is a hostage-but not from oversea terrorism as one might expect to think. No today, we live in fear from our own children; and these are the same young people who we are entrusting the future of this great country with. According to the Department of Justice report released in November, thirty-eight percent of those arrested for weapons offenses in 1995 were under the age of eighteen (Curriden 66). In the same report, the Bureau of Justice Statistics stated that in 1995 3 out of every 100 eighteen-year-olds was arrested for weapons offenses. A rate three times higher than for males twenty-five to twenty-nine and five times higher than for males thirty to thirty-four (66). JustÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In short, they want it to work(49). The most basic justification for capitol punishment is what is known as the incapacitation argument: The only way to make sure that murderers dont murder again is to kill them. But with tougher sentencing laws, some death penalty opponents say, the incapacitation argument doesnt carry the weight it once did. Many states now impose life imprisonment with no possibility of parole on the violent offenders. Still, some argue that a life sentence isnt enough. David Pierce of the Washington Legal Foundation says, The death penalty incapacitates in a way no other form of imprisonment can; also, Inmates do commit crimes behind bars against guards and each other, and they do escape from time to time (Edmonds 11). As it stands now, almost all juvenile murderers are imprisoned rather than put to death. Even doubling or tripling the number of juvenile executions (the all-time U.S. high was 199 in 1935) would not change the fact that in America the death penalty is chiefly a symbolic threat that is carried out in only a very small percentage of cases (Hetter 44). (The 56 people executed in 1995 represented about 2 percent of the entire death row population.) Efforts to greatly increaseShow MoreRelatedJuveniles And The Juvenile Justice System1559 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesJuveniles committing crimes is not a new issued being introduced to society; actually, it has been an issue for centuries. However, the big question is, should juveniles be tried in adult courts? Before answering, take into consideration every possible scenario that could have led them to commit the crime. For instance, were they the leader in the act? Did they participate in the crime? Was the juvenile even aware of what was taking place? Were they peer pressured? Did they have any other choiceRead MoreJuvenile Justice And Juvenile Delinquency1675 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesJuvenile Justice has been a work in progress from the beginning of the program because of the evolving mentality of the generations. The purpose of Juvenile Justice was to correct the behavior of the juvenile de linquents and rehabilitation through a probationary period monitored by an individual who paid for bail and periodically reported behavior changes to courts. (Mulligan 2009) We do justice to the youth offenders by understanding the history of Juvenile Justice restorative programs, the alternativesRead MoreThe Juvenile Justice System For Juveniles1397 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswere treated the same as adult criminals. If you are a young person under the age of 18 and you commit a crime, you will have your case heard in the juvenile justice system. The thing is that, it hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t always gone that way. The idea of a separate justice system for juveniles is just over one hundred years old (American Bar). Where did juvenile justice come from? The law was in the image of the common law of England. William Blackstone, BlackstoneÃ¢â¬â¢s Commentaries on the Laws of England, first publishedRead MoreJuvenile Justice And The Juvenile System4789 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesJuvenile Justice Consult ant When thinking of reforming the juvenile justice system one has to think; what can we do to make this better for everyone involve? There are some programs that can be implemented when trying to make a change in the juvenile system. The main thing is getting parents or the guardian more involved in the childÃ¢â¬â¢s whereabouts. Secondly the community where the youth will have a place to go and have something more constructive to do to keep them out of trouble. Law enforcementRead MoreThe Juvenile Justice System1313 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Today s concept of the juvenile justice system is relatively new due to significant modifications in policy overtime. The justice system has been trying to figure out effective ways to treat juvenile criminal offenders successfully for years. The justice system did not always have a special category for juveniles and their crime. Juveniles was once treated as adults when they committed crimes and were subjected to harsh punishments. The juvenile court was the culmination of efforts of the positivistRead MoreJuvenile Justice Systems833 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction Juvenile crime is a term around the world that is difficult to pinpoint and although there are several definitions many fail to be concrete. There are many factors that play into sentencing juveniles or minors upon a crime committed. How old are they? Can they mentally form criminal intent? Are they old enough to no longer be treated as children? Some people would argue that a criminal is just that, regardless of age. Research on the other hand shows that juveniles have underdevelopedRead MoreThe Juvenile Justice System788 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages The juvenile justice system was founded with the goal to serve the best interests of the child, with an understanding that youth possessed different needs than adults. Over the course of our semester we have come across various research studies that proves that the adult system is not well equipped to house and rehabilitate the delinquents. These studies have shown that more juveniles that are transferred to the criminal justice system ends up back in the system, which means the recidivism rateRead MoreEssay on Juvenile Justice1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPortfolio on Juvenile Status Offenders A juvenile status offender is a youth charged with an offense that is not consider a crime if committed by an adult; this would include but not limited to running away from home, curfew violations, underage drinking, skipping school, or beyond a parents control. Status offenders are usually not incarcerated on their first offense, but violating a court order can find them as delinquent who can result in being place in a correction or detention facility. Read MoreJuvenile Delinquency And The Juvenile Justice System1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdedicated his life to troubled juveniles once said, Ã¢â¬Å"I believe that the kids who are labeled Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ are children who know how to solve their problems and manage their behavior and social life, and the kids who are labeled Ã¢â¬Å"badÃ¢â¬ are kids who donÃ¢â¬â¢t know how to solve those problems.Ã¢â¬ Every day, kids are committing illegal acts of varying severity. Some are involved in petty robberies, others involved in murde rs and rape. These juveniles become the responsibility of the juvenile justice system which is taskedRead MoreJuvenile Justice and Rehabilitation2500 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesJuvenile Justice and Rehabilitation When discussing rehabilitation or punishment for juvenile delinquents, I believe there should be rehabilitation over punishment. Granted there are numerous cases that completely warrant punishment, but punishment isnÃ¢â¬â¢t always the answer. Adults are usually given second, third and fourth chances to change their lives. And sometimes rehabilitation isnÃ¢â¬â¢t involved. I believe since adolescents still have plenty of time to get counseling or learn about themselves
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
A small country such as North Vietnam was able to win a war against a superpower like the United States of America, through, namely, tactics Ã¢â¬â such as Guerrilla Warfare -, the ignorance of their enemy, the attitude of the South Vietnamese, as well as a strong leader such as Ho Chi Minh. The Vietnam War was a major conflict (of the Cold War) which lasted from 1959 to 1975 , with US involvement from 1964 to 1973 . US reasons for their involvement in the war was their fear of Ã¢â¬Å"The Domino EffectÃ¢â¬ - or Ã¢â¬â the US fear that communism would spread to Vietnam and Southeast Asia, making them a major threat to national security. The Fall of Saigon marked the end of the war in 1975. Ã¢â¬Å"If the tiger ever stands still, the elephant will crush him with his mighty tusks. But the tiger does not stand still. He lurks in the jungle by day and emerges by night. He will leap upon the back of the elephant, tearing huge chunks from his hide, and then he will leap back into the dark jungle. And slowly the elephant will bleed to death.Ã¢â¬ This quote by Ho Chi Minh emphasises his belief that Guerrilla tactics would be what would result in a win for the Vietcong. The Vietcong made use of tunnels, known as the Cu Chi Tunnels , which was a network of underground tunnels that the Vietcong resided in, and used to store supplies and care for the sick and injured. The use of underground hiding places meant that the US was unaware of the VietcongÃ¢â¬â¢s whereabouts from ground level, allowed them to beShow MoreRelatedThe Failure Of Guerilla Warfare Methods During The Vietnam War1369 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages(1350)The Failure of Guerilla Warfare Methods in the Vietnam War: An Analysis of the Causality of the Ã¢â¬Å"Counter InsurgencyÃ¢â¬ Governmental Policies and the Presidential Campaign of 1968 This colloquium will define the connection between various sources related to the Ã¢â¬Å"counter insurgencyÃ¢â¬ policies of the American government throughout the 1960s that caused a slow escalation of the Vietnam War in the fight against communist expansion in Southeast Asia. The Campaign of 1968 defines the legacy of presidentRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War1693 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe War of Independence, the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, the Indian Wars, the Civil War, and are back-to-back winners of the World Wars. With the amount of victories made, Americans might try to process the question of who won the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War never had a declared victor. America got involved in the Vietnam War during the year of 1965. The United States first became involved in the war by financially supporting France in the first Indochina War. After that, Vietnam wasRead MoreGuerrilla Warfare: The Vietnam War1171 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNo 7. The guerrilla wins if he d oes not lose, and the conventional army loses if it does not win. We Fought a military war; Opponents our Fought a political one. We sought physical attrition, Opponents Aimed for our psychological exhaustion. In the process, we lost sight of one of the cardinal maxims of guerilla war. The guerilla wins if he does not lose, the conventional army loses if it does not win. The North Vietnamese used their forces the way a bullfighter uses its cape - to keep us lungingRead MoreWhy did the United States Withdraw From the Vietnam War?1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhy did the United States Withdraw From the Vietnam War? The United States withdrew from the Vietnam War for several reasons. The Army had to fight in unfamiliar territory, was lacking in moral, were not prepared for the conditions, could not shut down the Ho Chi Minh Trail, and were untrained to respond to guerilla warfare. This combination of disadvantages and the loss of public support led to the United States withdrawing from Vietnam. The United States Army was forced to fight in a new land tha tRead MoreGeography : History And Geography1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWar is a timeless phenomenon that has shaped societies and cultures; war is greatly influenced by geography. History and geography are both important when considering wars; history tells what events took place, but geography tells us the why, where, and how. One can study geographyÃ¢â¬â¢s effects on war through geographyÃ¢â¬â¢s subtopics: physical, human, economic, and political geographies. For example, war strategies and methods are geography based. Physical geography studies the terrain and landformsRead MoreTaking a Look at the Vietnam War1343 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"North Vietnam cannot defeat or humiliate the United States. Only Americans can do that.Ã¢â¬ I bet you can guess that whoever said this quote was very anti-war. That person is Richard Nixon, thirty-seventh president of the United States. Nixon was the president who ended the war, but which president had beliefs that war was necessary ? Thirty-sixth president of the United States, Lyndon Baines Johnson was the accused main blame for starting the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War was probably the most controversialRead MoreThe War in Vietnam Essay1130 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The United States would enter the Vietnam War, in which the tactics of the enemy would not be familiar to them. Guerilla warfare became a problem for the allied forces and then the US would introduce aircraft into the war. The role of airpower changed operations for the US and showed their air supremacy. Even with all the success in the air that the US and South Vietnam had, this would not be enough to win the war. The war in Vietnam was fought from 1954 through 1975, between the communist NorthRead MorePolitical And Social Upheavals Caused By War1533 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescaused by war. Some may have even experienced it first-hand. Throughout history war has had negative psychological implications on those effected. However, there is no greater negative impact of war than the psychological and emotional turmoil that it causes individual soldiers. To narrow down the scope of these psychological effects, I have chosen to focus on the U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War during the period 1962 to 1973. The Vietnam War was, in my opinion, the first war that reallyRead MoreVietnam War Terms1357 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshills. Sig: The people of Vietnam have wanted to be independent for 2,000 years. Consequently, there is no way a small hill would stop them from being independent from the French. This allowed the Vietnamese to prevail over the French Imperials. Dien Bien Phu was the first time a third world country defeated a first world country. This defeat gave huge confidence in not only Vietnam, but all other third world countries. With the win at Dien Bien Phu, it gave Vietnam the confidence that they couldRead MoreVietnam War Position Paper2011 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesVietnam War Ã¢â¬Å"You never knew who was the enemy and who was the friends,Ã¢â¬ said a marine officer who took part in a conflict deemed the longest war in Unites States history (My). The Vietnam War was not only the longest war in US history, as it took place from 1959 to 1975, but it is also considered one of the most controversial conflicts to date. This war, also known as the second Indochina War, occurred in the countries of Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia. It was fought between communist North Vietnam
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the Relationship Between Children Age and Show Size? Answer: Introduction Here, we have to study the relationship between the age of the children and their shoes size. For checking this, we have to analyse some data for the shoes size of the children. We have to see some descriptive statistics for the shoes size for the children with different ages. Also, we have to see some graphical analysis for this study. Let us see this statistical data analysis in detail given as below: Aim To check the relationship between the age of the children and their shoe size To find the average values for the age and shoe size for the children Hypothesis and Null hypothesis Null hypothesis: There is a correlation between the shoe size and age of the children. Alternative hypothesis: There is no any correlation exists between the shoe size and the age of the children. Method Here, we have to use some statistical techniques of correlation analysis. Also, we have to see some descriptive statistics for the variable shoe size of children with different ages. Design A random sample of 20 participants is taken for the study of correlation analysis of the shoe size and the age of the children. The design of correlation and regression model is used for the study of shoe size and age of children. Participants A sample of 20 children with their ages and shoe sizes were chosen for this study. Materials Ages of the student are measured by using their birth certificates and the shoe sizes were measured by using scale. Data analysis and Results Data is collected for the 20 childrens. The method of random sampling is used while collecting the data for the childrens of different ages. Data is given as below: Participant Age Shoe size 1 5 5 2 6 5 3 8 5 4 9 6 5 7 6 6 6 5 7 8 6 8 5 5 9 4 5 10 9 6 11 8 6 12 5 5 13 6 5 14 9 6 15 10 6 16 12 8 17 12 7 18 13 8 19 14 8 20 10 6 The descriptive statistics for the variable age is given as below: Age Mean 8.3 Standard Error 0.645225379 Median 8 Mode 5 Standard Deviation 2.885535616 Sample Variance 8.326315789 Kurtosis -0.70464336 Skewness 0.426148643 Range 10 Minimum 4 Maximum 14 Sum 166 Count 20 The average age of the children is given as 8.3 years with the standard deviation of 2.89 years. The descriptive statistics for the variable show size is given as below: Shoe size Mean 5.95 Standard Error 0.234801148 Median 6 Mode 5 Standard Deviation 1.050062655 Sample Variance 1.102631579 Kurtosis 0.068287532 Skewness 1.017479158 Range 3 Minimum 5 Maximum 8 Sum 119 Count 20 The average show size for children is given as 5.95 inches with the standard deviation of 1.05 inches. The scatter diagram for the shoe size of the children and the age of the children is given as below: Ages are given in years. (Rounded) Shoe sizes are given in inches. (Rounded) The correlation coefficient is given as below: Age Shoe size Age 1 Shoe size 0.925832 1 The correlation coefficient between the age and shoe size for the student is given as 0.9258, this means, there is a high positive linear relationship or strong positive association or correlation exists between the given two variables such as age and shoe size. So we concluded that as the age of the student increases, the shoe size of the student is also increases. The regression analysis is given as below: SUMMARY OUTPUT Regression Statistics Multiple R 0.925831506 R Square 0.857163978 Adjusted R Square 0.849228643 Standard Error 0.407731847 Observations 20 ANOVA Df SS MS F Significance F Regression 1 17.95758534 17.95759 108.0186 4.91733E-09 Residual 18 2.992414665 0.166245 Total 19 20.95 Coefficients Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95% Intercept 3.153603034 0.284087422 11.10082 1.75E-09 2.55675751 Age 0.336915297 0.032416894 10.3932 4.92E-09 0.268809931 The value of the R square or coefficient of determination is given as 0.8572 or 85.72%, this means, about 85.72% of the variation in the dependent variable show size of the student is explained by the independent variable age of the student. Here, we get the p-value for this regression model as approximately equal to zero, therefore we reject the null hypothesis that the given regression model is significant. The regression equation for this regression model is given as below: Y = 3.1536 + 0.3369*X Where y is show size of the student and x is the age of the student. Conclusions The average age of the children is given as 8.3 years with the standard deviation of 2.89 years. The average show size for children is given as 5.95 inches with the standard deviation of 1.05 inches. The correlation coefficient is found as 0.9258 which means there is a strong association or linear relationship exists between the two variables shoe size and age of children. This means, we conclude that as the age of the student increases, the shoe size of the student also increases. The value of the R square or coefficient of determination is given as 0.8572 or 85.72%, this means, about 85.72% of the variation in the dependent variable show size of the student is explained by the independent variable age of the student. References: Leonard J. Savage, The Foundations of Statistics, 2nd ed., Dover Publications, Inc. New York, 1972. Robert V. Hogg, Allen T. Craig, Joseph W. McKean, An Introduction to Mathematical Statistics, 6th ed., Prentice Hall, 2004. George Casella, Roger L. Berger, Statistical Inference, 2nd ed., Duxbury Press, 2001. David R. Cox, D. V. Hinkley, Theoretical Statistics, Chapman Hall/CRC, 1979. Peter J. Bickel, Kjell A. Doksum, Mathematical Statistics, Volume 1, Basic Ideas and Selected Topics, 2rd ed. Prentice Hall, 2001. S. Ferguson, Mathematical Statistics: A Decision Theoretic Approach, Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1967 Harald Cramr, Mathematical Methods of Statistics, Princeton, 1946 Schervish, Mark J. (1995). Theory of statistics (Corr. 2nd print. ed.). New York: Springer Moses, Lincoln E. (1986) Think and Explain with Statistics, Addison-Wesley Hays, William Lee, (1973) Statistics for the Social Sciences, Holt, Rinehart and Winston
Friday, April 10, 2020
Introduction Since every human being is born free and equal in dignity as well as rights, the right of every human living on this planet ought to be respected at all costs. For the success of the society that we live in to be realized, every one of us should treat each other equally without any discrimination.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Definition of Human Rights and Trafficking specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Treating each other without discrimination distinguishes us from animals. One of the infamous abuses of human rights is the practice of human trafficking, which has become prevalent in the current society. This is because in many places in the world, several individuals are currently living in bondage. They tirelessly carry out various duties in industries under threat of violence, imprisoned in homes as domestic workers, or work as prostitutes under instructions from their bosses. Human traf ficking enslaves individuals from all races, ages and they are forced to stay in deplorable conditions. This paper discusses the prevalence of this highly unrecognized, yet dangerous, epidemic in the world. Definition of human rights and trafficking Human rights are an important part in the understanding of the concept of justice. Since justice means fairness, the upholding of the rights of a person involves justice. For humanness, justice is important; therefore, the act denying justice to a person is equivalent to denying the person his or her human rights. It is important to note that human rights advocate for the sustenance of the dignity and status of individuals. Human rights mean, Ã¢â¬Å"the affirmation of a dignified life to each individual and it involves showing love, humanness, and just relationshipÃ¢â¬ (Sttiphan, 9). By the fact that a person is a human, he or she is bequeathed with various rights that ought to be respected; therefore, the rights are considered in a u niversalist and democratic style. Human rights are usually present as common standards of conduct of real human morals or as legal rights within the local regulations of a particular country or within the international law. They may also be present as validated moral standards or natural rights substantiated by means of provable reasons. Currently, human trafficking is a multibillion-dollar-a-year industry that is increasingly becoming a major social problem in the twenty-first century. It is the Ã¢â¬Å"recruitment, transportation, or receipt of people for the purposes of slavery, forced labor, or involuntary servitudeÃ¢â¬ (Zastrow, 301).Advertising Looking for research paper on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The individuals are usually deceived, lured, coerced, force-fed with drugs, intimidated or forcefully abducted to their new destinations where they face various forms of inhumane treatments. After recruitment, the victims are usually compelled to fulfill various duties with minimal or no wages. The terms of employment are usually very exploitative. Although most nations have outlawed this practice, it is still being practiced and it is kept highly secretive. The practice of human trafficking is not the same with the smuggling of individuals since in smuggling, individuals willingly ask for the service of the smuggler, who is paid for his or her efforts, and the victims become free on arrival at their new world. However, human trafficking leads to the enslavement of the individuals in which they are denied their fundamental rights. The changing of the concept of human rights over time The concept of human rights, as they are currently being practiced by most nations of the world, took a long time to be developed adequately. After the Second World War, prominent world leaders realized that other more powerful people were oppressing the residents of their countries. For the oppr essed, the only way they could use to relieve their oppression was by engaging in war. The occurrence of more conflicts could only be avoided by providing a way that would ensure that equality is embraced in the society. Therefore, this concern of providing justice to the oppressed made many leaders of various countries to emphasize on the importance of respecting human rights since this was necessary for the sake of preserving the entire human race. However, before this development, the concept of human rights was in existence in some other ways. The concept started when man began living in this world. This was for the reason of fulfilling the various needs and requirements of humans in a finite world. Therefore, various rules of conduct were enacted to ensure equal distribution of rights to limited resources for the fulfillment of the various needs and requirements. As Rayner points out, Ã¢â¬Å"the earliest rules about standards of behavior among people dealt with prescribing or p rohibiting conduct that experience proved was likely to lead to conflict (para. 3). During the early sixth century, the famous lawmaker, who was a Roman citizen called Justinian developed the Codex of various regulations. He attempted to come up with an organized system of rights and responsibilities. The great religious organizations of the world had all attempted to develop an organized system of rights and responsibilities derived from the divine regulations. These religious organizations include, but not limited to, Judaism, Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, Taoism, and Islam, and they all had profound ideas concerning the dignity of the human race.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Definition of Human Rights and Trafficking specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In the seventeenth century, due to the influence of great thinkers such as Grotius, Hobbes, and Locke, attention to human rights was shifted from social responsibilities to personal requirements and contribution. Consequently, these rights were referred to as Ã¢â¬Ënatural rights,Ã¢â¬â¢ or in other words, Ã¢â¬Ëthe rights of man,Ã¢â¬â¢ and they became part of the political agenda. This led to the conflict about politics in which people debated about the freedoms to give up things since it was argued that individuals in their Ã¢â¬ËnaturalÃ¢â¬â¢ condition had unlimited freedom. The English Revolution of 1640 mainly took place because of this issue since the people fought for their rights. Almost half a century later, the Glorious Revolution took place against the oppressive English government. This led to the enactment of the English Bill of Rights in 1689, which addressed the important issues of the time. The Bill of Rights reiterated a number of royal promises made by King John, under duress, in the Magna Carta (this was a charter that was initially produced in 1215 and it largely influenced the development of the B ill of Rights). During the late eighteenth century, according to great thinkers such as John Locke, people held the claim that Ã¢â¬Å"no-one could be subjected to anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s rule unless they consentedÃ¢â¬ (Rayner, para. 12). This ideology limited the functions of governments and made the American coloniesÃ¢â¬â¢ Declaration of Independence in 1776, since the governments that could not protect the rights of their citizens were overthrown. The most notable twentieth century declarations concerning Ã¢â¬ËnaturalÃ¢â¬â¢ or human rights took place in 1948 following the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was heralded by a series of other international Conventions, Covenants, as well as Declarations. Causes and Effects of human trafficking The causes of human trafficking are many and varied. They mainly involve the economic condition of the areas whereby the victims came from. The fast increase in the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population has made many individuals to suffer from lack of jobs. Those who do not succeed in finding the jobs are usually the most susceptible for this kind of abuse (Salinger, 408). This lucrative business has also been enhanced by the existence of porous borders and sophisticated communication equipment that aid the movement of the traffickers from one region to another. The HIV/AIDS pandemic is leaving many children as orphans who have to take care of their younger siblings.Advertising Looking for research paper on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This condition creates a fertile ground for traffickers who promise them Ã¢â¬ËgoodÃ¢â¬â¢ life. Other causes include worldwide economic policies that facilitate the segregation of marginalized communities, increase in corruption, increase in domestic violence, gender discrimination, and the global increase in demand for cheap and exploitable workforce. Human trafficking, as the fastest growing international crime, has widespread effects on the victims and to their countries of origin. The victims usually suffer from violation of their rights, intense psychological abuse, trauma, fear of being unsafe or lacking adequate protection, loss of faith in other individuals, resentfulness, emotional torture, and hardship conditions. Besides these, the long-term effects of undertaking this illicit trade are detrimental to the economic development of their country of origin (Connor, para. 3). This is because the uneven movement of people out of a country lowers the levels of human capital a vailable in the country. The proliferation of human trafficking is able to create negative demographic effects. This deteriorates the social fabric of the particular nation through abating the social standards and ethics while fostering bribery and illicit practices. The victims of human trafficking In some places of the world, human trafficking is managed by large organized traffickers who collaborate with high-ranked government officials in carrying out their purposes. Nonetheless, most traffickers are organized in smaller groups. These smaller groups concentrate on a particular area of the trafficking process, for example, abduction or trade. This increases their proceeds since only a small amount of resources are required to commence the lucrative business. These groups of criminals most of the time target the most susceptible and defenseless members of the society. They get their victims from poverty-stricken regions where opportunities for getting assistance are minimal. Altho ugh they usually target disadvantaged individuals from various social backgrounds, the victims of human trafficking can come from anywhere since even individuals from affluent families can also be the target of traffickers. The trafficking of women is particularly carried out for the sake of the lucrative sex industry where they are compelled to engage into prostitution and earn targeted daily quotas for their masters. Traffickers take advantage of inadequate opportunities, make false arrangements for travel and work placements, and on reaching their destinations, the victims realize that they have been deceived concerning the terms and conditions of their new employment. Therefore, they find themselves in deplorable conditions that fleeing from is both complicated and harmful to them. Agents and brokers who engage in child trafficking most of the time take advantage of the poor living conditions of their parents. Guardians sometimes agree to trade their children in exchange for lar ge sums of money, which they use as a means of earning livelihood. Some other parents are victims of deceit after they have been falsely promised employment and escape from poverty for their children. In addition, some other children are forcefully abducted or lured by the traffickers to their destinations. Recent studies have shown that many trafficked children, especially the males, are recruited in the armies to serve as child soldiers, and others, especially the females, are traded to serve in the global sex industry per year. The misuse of the adoption process in most countries has escalated the number of victims of human trafficking. This has led to the trading of newborn babies as well as pregnant women in many places around the world. Men are also susceptible to this illicit trade. They are mainly trafficked to be employed as unskilled laborers in various industries. They work under forceful conditions with meager or no payment. Fighting against trafficking violations of hum an rights and eliminating human trafficking For the war against human trafficking to be won, adequate preventive initiatives must be carried out in order to avoid the violations of human rights. Since most traffickers usually seek to exploit the economic conditions of their victims by giving them false promises, such vulnerable people should be made aware of the risks that are involved through counseling when people they do not trust want to help them seek for better lives elsewhere. Vulnerable communities can be protected from this illicit trade in human beings by practicing community-led activities. The porous borders of most countries are usually susceptible to the movement of the traffickers; therefore, communities living around these places should be educated on ways of detecting and preventing the unauthorized movement of persons. Human trafficking is usually practiced in most countries and most policy makes are not aware of its existence and dangers. Therefore, to protect hum an rights, various policy makers, law enforcement agencies, and the civil society should be made aware of the sensitive nature of this issue by the use of appropriate training tools in order to reduce the effects of this practice that is threatening the security of the world. Other appropriate ways of eliminating human trafficking are by coming up with new initiatives for fighting anti-trafficking, improving law enforcement efforts, and carrying out more prosecutions for people who are suspected of engaging in trading of human beings. Therefore, to protect the dignity of every person, it is of essence to offer assistance to grass roots efforts of indigenous human rights groups, engage in programs that aim at reducing poverty, and protect the vulnerable communities from unnecessary exploitation. Conclusion Most countries of the world are supporting the concept of universal human rights since they are becoming a worldwide principle that determines whether a country is governed properl y or not. Because the threat of human trafficking is still a major problem in this century, concerted efforts need to be made by adopting appropriate measures for prevention, detection, and action. Human trafficking will not be completely obliterated from the face of the earth if individuals settle down and stop making efforts to end this illicit activity. Consequently, with the enactment of the adequate counter strategies, human trafficking can be eliminated and the dignity of the human race can be preserved for the benefit of the forthcoming generations. Works Cited Connor, Gregory. Ã¢â¬Å"Human trafficking.Ã¢â¬ UMCOR-NGO. The Humanitarian Agency of the United Methodist Church. 2004. Web. Rayner, Moira.Ã¢â¬ History of universal human rights-up to WW2.Ã¢â¬ History. N.d. Web. http://www.universalrights.net/main/histof.htm Salinger, Lawrence M. Encyclopedia of white-collar corporate crime. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications, 2005. Print. Sttiphan, Em. Human rights: co ncepts and perspectives. New Delhi: Concept Pub. Co., 2002. Print. Zastrow, Charles. Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare Empowering People.Ã Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Pub Co, 2009. Print. This research paper on Definition of Human Rights and Trafficking was written and submitted by user Frank Castle to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Monday, March 9, 2020
Word Choice Hoard vs. Horde Word Choice: Hoard vs. Horde Although they may sound the same when spoken, hoard and horde have distinct meanings. As such, mixing them up in your writing will look bad. But you can avoid confusion by learning their definitions and usage. Hoard (A Stockpile) The word hoard can be used as either a verb or a noun. As a verb, hoard means to accumulate and store a stockpile of something for future use. This will usually be something valuable and therefore closely guarded, such as a hoard of treasure: The mad king hoarded gold, determined to keep it all to himself. Sometimes, hoarding has a negative meaning, especially if the thing being hoarded is considered worthless or unpleasant: The old man would hoard old newspapers, keeping them in his basement. We can also use hoard as a noun to refer to a stockpile that has been collected and guarded. We would use it in a sentence like this: The pirate returned to the hidden cave to retrieve his hoard of stolen booty. Horde (A Mob or Crowd) Horde is a noun meaning a large group or crowd. It originally described nomadic warrior tribes, but it is now more commonly used to refer to large, rowdy groups of people: A horde of drunken baseball fans crowded onto the subway carriage. As well as describing groups of people, we can apply horde to swarms or packs of animals, especially wasps, mosquitoes, and other flying insects: A horde of mosquitoes ruined the picnic. Remember not to confuse horde with herd in this context, as herd is simply the group name for hoofed mammals. Hoard or Horde? Although these terms sound similar, theyre different enough in meaning that it should be easy to tell them apart. Remember: Hoard (verb) = To collect or stockpile something Hoard (noun) = A collection or stockpile Horde (noun) = An unruly mob If you would like more advice about word choice, or to have a 500-word sample of your work proofread for free, get in touch with the professionals at Proofed today!
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Financial Economic - Case Study Example C) The choice getting 10000Kr in this coming September could resolve the exchange rate issue. In case of the other option to get paid in September and February have equal chances of gain and loss. So I will get the money in September and will keep that till the end of First so that I can get the 4% interest from the US bank. I will repeat the same for the following year. So for the first year I will get 1040$ and the next year it depends on the exchange rate. In case if the exchange rate increases say, 12Kr/$. I can convert the dollars to Sweden Kr. So that if I can put that amount in bank and I can get interest from the Sweden Bank. And If exchange rate found to decrease say 10Kr/$ then I will convert the Kr to dollars. The only risk in this type is in case after converting the dollars to Kr if the exchange rate Kr/$ does not decrease that could be a loss. But thinking in terms of interest from the Sweden bank could compensate the loss.